Nandamuri Tharaka Rama Rao was born in a farmer’s family at Nimmakuru, Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh on 28th of May 1923 at 4.32pm. His mother wished to name his son as Krishna, but his uncle named him as Taraka Ramudu, which later confined as Taraka Rama Rao. His parents Nandamuri Lakshmiah Chowdhury and Venkata Ramamma least imagined that this child was going to be uprise as an remarkable persona in his future and going to come across a golden thrown for him in the Andhra Pradesh history.
The great career starts:
B.A. Subba Rao, the famous film producer happened to see NTR’s photograph at L.V. Prasad. He called up NTR to Madras and fixed him up as the hero for his film ‘Palleturi Pilla’, without any make up test or screen test at all. Even though L.V. Prasad was a bit hesitant towards Subba Rao’s idea, he never took heed and made an agreement with Rama Rao after giving him a remuneration of Rs.1,116/-. But it was the film ‘Mana Desam’, for which Rama Rao faced the camera for the first time, in the year 1949. Rama Rao was offered a small role as a sub inspector in that film. His first lead role was in the film ‘Palleturi Pilla’, in 1950 followed by L. V. Prasad’s ‘Shavukar’ in the same year.
After his two films, NTR moved his abide to Madras. He took a small room for rent near the Thousand Lights area in Madras. When the money, which was given to him for ‘Palleturi Pilla’ was spent over, Rama Rao struggled a lot. He couldn’t afford money even for the bus fares. He factually starved for three days as he had left with no money and did not make even his roommates (famous producer Yoganand one among them) know.
Stardom came to him with K.V. Reddy’s film ‘Paathala Bhairavi’ (1951), which was followed by B.N. Reddy’s ‘Malleeswari’ (1951), L.V. Prasad’s ‘Pelli Chesi Choodu’ (1952) and K. Kameswara Rao’s ‘Chandra Haaram’. All of these movies were of the famous firm Vijaya. For all each of the film Rama Rao was offered Rs 500/- per month as salary and Rs 5,000/- as the remuneration. His film ‘Paathala Bhairavi’ turned to be a sensational hit, which broke all the records by running 100 days in 34 centres and 25 weeks in 13 centres and 50 days in one center. N.T.R. with his sharp nose and radiating smile, with his curl hair and tall figure captured almost all the hearts of Andhra Pradesh.
In 1958, A.V.M. Chettiyar determined to make his film ‘Bhoo Kailas’ under K. Shanker’s direction. He preferred the fine-looking young man N.T. Rama Rao for the role of Ravana Brahma and Akkineni Nageswara Rao as Narada Maharshi and S.V. Ranga Rao for the Maya Brahma role. Rama Rao was exceedingly happy to get his favored role of Ravana Brahma since Rama Rao thought Ravana was the best legendary character that he had ever seen. After the release of the film in 1959, NTR studied more about Ravana’s character, as he wanted to reenact the role in such a way that no body could ever do the role like him. His first mythological film P. Pullaiah’s ‘Sri Venkateswara Mahatyam’ (1960) was a tremendous hit. The devotees of Lord Venkateswara lined up in front of his house for NTR’s darshan, after the release of the film. He played five roles in the film ‘Sri Madvirata Parvam’. Such was the charisma, which NTR was having among his fans. In his 44 years of film career, Rama Rao had acted in about 297 films, out of which 280 are Telugu, 15 Tamil and 4 Hindi films. 44 of his films were mythological, 13 were historical, 55 fictional and 185 films were social. 140 of his films celebrated hundred days and 33 films celebrated silver Jubilees while six of his films ran more than 50 weeks. In 1950s NTR was the most cherished hero who was acting in 10 films per year. His film ‘Lava Kusa’ an all time hit, which was released in 1963, made a record by running 75 weeks in a center and 100 days in 63 centres. For his film ‘Maya Bazar’ for Lord Krishna’s role, which was released in 1956, Rama Rao took Rs.7, 500/-, which was said to be the highest remuneration in those days. For about 22 years since he entered into films Rama Rao’s remuneration was around 4 or 5 digits. From 1972 it had grown to one lakh for each film and after some time, it went up around 7 lakhs onwards.
NTR’s directed his first film ‘Sitha Rama Kalyanam’ in 1961 under his own banner N.A. T. films which was managed by his brother Trivikrama Rao. In that film Rama Rao played das Ravana Brahma in such way no other actor could imagine doing that. Even Nageswara Rao told that he became NTR’s fan after seeing that film. Later He directed himself in a triple role in ‘Daana Veera Soora Karna’ in 1977 he also directed the film ‘Sri Rama Pattabhishekam’ in 1978. His social films ‘Adavi Ramudu’ and ‘Yamagola’ were huge box- office hits. NTR harked back to produce, act and direct the film ‘Brahmarshi Vishwamitra’ in 1990 to campaign for the 1991 general elections.
NTR was a strict disciplinarian. He used to practice hard on the shores of marina Beach at Madras, to retain his bass and echoic voice for excellent dialogue delivery and base modulations. When he was in his forties and was working for the film ‘Narthana Saala’, he learnt Bharath Natyam at Vempati China Satyam to make the role justified. Such was NTR’s dedication towards his profession. He never stumbled or stammered in front of the camera as he used to take all the dialogues by heart when he was doing a particular film. He woke up early always and never missed doing physical exercises.
“NTRS WORLD RECORD IN 1962″
It is the pride TELUGU PEOPLE to recollect one of the world record created by NTR.
NTR is the only hero who has 100 days movies in a single year in all the 4 categories
1. Social (Sanghikam)
2. Folk Lore (Janapadam)
4. Historical (Charitratmakam)
No other hero can dream of even releasing movies in these categories in single year.
This happened in the year 1962. Six of NTR movies ran for 100 days. It was one more Golden year for NTR.
1. Guleba Kavali Katha (Janapadam- Directed by NTR )
2. Bheeshma – (Pouranikam – He acted as bhesma of 70 years at that young age)
3. Gundamma Katha – (Social – NTRs 100th movie -Its the biggest Hit movie till that time.
Its the first movie to run for 100 days with 3 shows in Hyd. In todays words its
the Industry Hit. It remained till LavaKusha released next year 1963)
4. Mahamantri Timmarusu – (Charitratmakam – His role as SriKrishna DevaRaya was greatly adorned)
5. Rakta Sambandham – (Social Movie – There were atleast few hundred movies in telugu on
Brother-sister sentiment after this movie including Muddula Mamayya. None can be compared to
this movie and the performance of NTR and Savitri as Brother and sister)
6. Atma Bandhuvu – (Social Movie- Maha Natula Meti Natana ante perfect example ide..NTR, SVR, Savitri, Kannamba..esp scenes between NTR and SVR and some of the best in TFI)
Politics:-(“SOCIETY IS TEMPLE IN THAT PEOPLE ARE GODS ” IS THE ANTHEM GIVEN BY NTR WHEN HE COMES TO POLITICS)
Telugu Desam Party:
WITH IN 8 MONTHS PARTY WAS BORN IT DESTROYED CONGRESS IN AP IT IS AN RECORD WHICH IS UNBREAKABLE TILL NOW.
In 1982, NTR founded Telugu Desam Party and traveled across the state of Andhra Pradesh crisscrossing all the districts in his van dubbed Chaitanya Ratham (Chaitanyam literally means bringing to life or movement). This tour helped to mobilize people and find leaders / members for his newly founded party. His son, Hari Krishna, assisted him in his tour by being his driver and close confidante. The people’s response to his campaign was enormous. People cheered him and supported him wherever he went. Congress Party, which was in Government, had panicked by the response and replaced the Chief Minister Bhavanam Venkataram with a more experienced and seasoned leader, Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy. Reddy, who was Chief Minister for just over 3 months, could not secure victory for the Congress Party in the ensuing elections in 1983 January. The newly formed Telugu Desam Party won with huge margins in all three regions of the State (Coastal Andhra, Rayala Seema, and Telengana), winning over 200 seats in the 294 seat State Assembly. Congress could muster only 56 seats. NTR himself contested elections from two constituencies, Tirupathi in Chittor District and Gudivada in Krishna district, and won both the seats.
NTR campaigned on the plank of Restoring Self Respect for Telugu People and bringing the Government in touch with the realities of the common folk. He believed the State must take care of the people that are below poverty line and everyone must have their basic necessities fulfilled. He campaigned to secure basic necessities such as home, clothes and food (popularly known as Koodu, Goodu, Gudda) for everyone. He offered to provide rice (the popular staple in AP) at 2 rupees a kilo and to provide subsidies on clothes and houses to the needy.
He went into the elections with the slogan Telugu vari Atma Gauravam, “Telugu people’s self-respect.”[unreliable source?].
He was also an advocate of women’s rights. He worked on a bill to amend inheritance Law to provide equal rights for women to inherit ancestral property. The Amendment was enacted in 1986.
NTR was briefly removed from Office in August 1984. His finance minister, Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, a former Congress man, was made the Chief Minister by the then Governor Ramlal. Bhaskar Rao purportedly had the support of majority MLAs (Members of Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh) which was never the case.
On Independence Day, 15 August 1984, NTR was removed from office by Ramlal. Nadendla Bhaskara Rao was appointed as Chief Minister. NTR disputed the claims by Bhaskara Rao and demonstrated his strength by bringing all the MLAs supporting him, which was a majority in the 294 member assembly, to the Raj Bhavan (Governor’s Office). Governor Ramlal did not relent and NTR campaigned for restoration of democracy by mobilizing the support of people and various political parties in the country including Janata Party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), and National Conference. During the one month crisis, the MLAs supporting NTR were secured in a secret place to avoid horse-trading.
Due to mobilization of several political parties and the people and due to bad press, Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister and head of Congress Party, unwillingly removed Governor Ramlal and appointed a congress party veteran, Shankar Dayal Sharma, as governor of Andhra Pradesh to pave the way for restoring NTR. Shankar Dayal Sharma removed Bhaskara Rao from power and restored NTR as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in September 1984. NTR recommended dissolution of the Assembly and called for fresh elections in the state to ensure the people had a fresh choice to elect their representatives.
In the following month on 31 October 1984 Indira Gandhi was assassinated, due to an entirely unrelated reason, by her Sikh bodyguard. Rajiv Gandhi became Prime Minister in her place. In the ensuing national elections to the Lok Sabha, the Congress party won big all over the country except in Andhra Pradesh where NTR’s Telugu Desam party won big. Senior Leaders of Congress party including Brahmananda Reddy, a former Chief Minister, and Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy, a former Chief Minister, lost in their constituencies of Narasarao Pet and Kurnool respectively to Telugu Desam Party. Telugu Desam became the main opposition party in the Lok Sabha.
 Second Term
The Telugu Desam Party operations were significantly computerized and a systematic local party structure was built and this resulted in the establishment of a stable second political party that survived his death. Rao introduced the concept of strong states with strong center in his discussions about state power with Gandhi and ushered in a new era of empowered local governments, within the framework of India. The long held belief that strong states imply a weak and collapsing country is no more a political dogma that governs center state relations in India. He also lobbied and won the amendment of Hindu inheritance laws to give women equal rights in inheritance.
He suffered a mild stroke and was unable to campaign in the 1989 election, which he lost.
 Third Term
N.T. Rama Rao returned to power in 1994 winning 250 seats (Telugu Desam won 216; CPI: 19; CPM: 15) for his party and his allies in a 294 seat Assembly. Congress party could win only 26 seats. BJP which contested 280 seats on its own could win only three seats. .
During the campaign for this election, NTR made three main promises to the people, besides the promise of providing a better Government: 1. Reintroduce two social welfare programs that were shelved by the Congress Government:
a) Government subsidy on Rice for low income people. Under this program, Rice was made available at Rs 2 per KG for low income people.
b) Mid-day meal scheme for school children from low income families
2. Introduce prohibition. This was aimed as a welfare scheme for women in the poor families whose husbands were spending significant portion of their earnings on liquor. 3. Provide subsidised electricity to farmers. Under this scheme, farmers need to pay just Rs 50/year for their power/electricity usage.
The mid-day meal scheme led to the single biggest drop in child labor and increased primary school enrollment.
AGAIN AFTER THAT “SRI NARACHANDRA BABU NAIDU” TOOK THE LEADERSHIP AND AGAIN HE MADE TDP TO RULE THE STATE AGAIN FOR 9 YEARS THE JOURNEY CONTINOUS….
NTR married Basavatarakam in 1942. She died of cancer in 1985. There is a Cancer Hospital established in her memory in Hyderabad. NTR got remarried in 1993 at the age of 70. His second wife Lakshmi Parvati started off as his biographer and later developed a relationship. NTR had seven sons and four daughters from his first marriage. Prominent among his children are Bhuvaneswari, wife of Nara Chandrababu Naidu and the chairperson of Heritage Foods; and Daggubati Purandeswari, MP and a Minister of State for Human Resources in Manmohan Singh’s cabinet; Nandamuri Balakrishna a leading actor in the Telugu film industry; and Nandamuri Harikrishna, an actor turned politician and a member of Rajya Sabha (upper house of India’s Parliament). Prominent among NTR’s grandchildren are N. Kalyan Ram, N. T. Rama Rao Jr. and Taraka Ratna. (all three are actors in Telugu Cinema).
N.T. Rama Rao died on 18 January 1996 of a heart attack.Recently in 2007, CNN IBN,a popular television channel made a survey “who is the most popular person of Andhra Pradesh?”. 73% of the people answered NTR THAT IS THE POWER OF NTR TILL NOW .